Social Welfare Systems

Families and communities are the first lines of protection for children.  When circumstances such as poverty, disability, or poor health prevent families and communities from providing adequate care for children, the Government of the country in which a child lives is responsible for ensuring that children receive essential protection and care.  While parents have the primary responsibility for the protection and care of their children, States have the ultimate responsibility to ensure children’s safety, well-being, and opportunities to develop. The State’s first responsibility to children is supporting the capacity of families to provide adequately for their children’s needs. But when a child’s family is unable or unwilling to provide adequate protection and care or when a child is separated, the State is responsible for ensuring protection and alternative care.  Such support is made available through a social welfare system, which may include services provided by the Government as well as those of non-governmental organizations... More >>


Child Care Policy/Country Reports

Child care and protection policies regulate the care of children, including good practice guidelines for the implementation of services, and standards for care...

Standards of Care

Standards of care are approved criteria for measuring and monitoring the management, provision and quality of child care services and their outcomes...

Monitoring and Research Tools

Monitoring and research are essential processes in ensuring the relevance and effectiveness of programs...

Social Assistance Programmes

Social assistance programmes aim to reduce child poverty and act as a safety net for families with minimal resources...

Social Welfare Sector Reform

Social welfare sector reform is increasingly common, particularly in transitional countries in Central and Eastern Europe...

Statistical Information

The literature in this section provides statistical data on vulnerable children from a wide range of countries...