Family & Community Based Care

The care of children by their parents typically provides the best conditions for a child’s healthy development.  Where this is not possible, an alternative placement should be provided.  While no form of care is inherently perfect, and any form of care can be provided badly, research and decades of program experience throughout the world have shown that, when implemented well, care provided by a family in a child’s own community is generally the best option.  The fact that family-based care options may not yet exist in a particular setting does not make institutional care an acceptable, long-term alternative.  It simply means that better forms of care need to be developed.  Countries should follow a policy of replacing institutional care with family-and community-based alternative care... More >>


Foster Care

The term “foster care” is used in a variety of ways. In the industrialized world it is generally used to refer to formal, temporary placements made by the state with families that are trained, monitored and compensated at some level. In many developing countries, however, fostering is kinship care or other placement with a family...

Kinship Care

Kinship care is the full-time care of a child by a relative or another member of the extended family. This type of arrangement is the most common form of out of home care throughout the world...

Adoption

Adoption is the formal, permanent transfer of parental rights to a family other than a child’s own and the formal assumption by that family of all parenting duties for the child...

Supported Child Headed Households

A child-headed household is one where there are no adult carers available and children live on their own. Typically an older child will care for siblings, cousins, nephews or nieces...

Community Based Care Examples

This section includes literature describing a range of care arranged to enable children to remain in their own community and to receive adequate care...

Transforming Institutional Care

Community care alternatives such as kinship or foster care, are effective ways of providing care and protection for children, and are sustainable options until family reunification can take place...