Particular Threats to Children

Family breakdown, separation of children from their parents, and the need for child protection and care services, stem from a multitude of problems which affect children, families, and communities.  This section includes literature on some of the principle threats to children and families and relevant responses.


Children Affected by HIV and AIDS

The HIV/AIDS pandemic is having a devastating impact on the well-being of children, particularly in those countries with the highest HIV prevalence rates in sub-Saharan Africa, the Caribbean, and parts of Asia...

Children Affected by Armed Conflict and Displacement

Children are especially vulnerable to the effects of war, and frequently represent at least half of the population in a conflict area...

Children Living or Working on the Street

Children living and working on the street are some of the most excluded and unprotected in the world...

Children Affected by Disabilities

Children affected by disabilies are highly vulnerable to discrimination, abandonment, abuse, exploitation, injury and death, since they are more reliant on the co-operation and support of others to meet their basic needs, and may be less able to express their wishes...

Child Abuse

Child abuse includes all forms of physical and emotional mistreatment, sexual abuse, and neglect of a child’s basic needs, which results in actual or potential harm to a child’s physical, mental, and emotional health...

Child Trafficking

Child trafficking is the exploitation of children for economic or sexual purposes, and includes the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring, or receipt of a child for exploitation...